Design of a Robot for Environmental Monitoring to Help in Search and Rescue
Environment Monitoring Robots (EMR) are increasingly used to monitor the remote environment, either for surveillance due to security reasons or for inspection due to hazard area. There is need for such robotic system in our society to help humans safely inspect hazardous environment, for example inspecting a chemical industry site for detecting fire where such kind of robots are needed in order to help and inspect the remote site effectively, perform remote surveillance by detecting early unusual environmental conditions, and to affect the changes environment through a manipulator's arm. In this context an EMR, a Tele-operated mobile robot platform, which is controlled remotely through WIFI using a web-based application and also using a mobile-based android application, which also supports voice commands. The key aspect of the robot is the remote environment monitoring through various sensors, for example, using onboard cameras for visual monitoring and using a range of sensors such as temperature, humidity & flame sensors for detecting various hazards. The robot is also equipped with a manipulator's arm to effect changes in the remote environment and the robot performs autonomous obstacle avoidance using IR sensors during navigation. Overall, the designed system prototype has shown its potential capabilities for environment monitoring and surveillance through practical demonstrations.
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